Timber Flooring
What Is Timber Flooring?
Hardwood/Solid Wood Flooring
Solid hardwood floors are made of planks milled from a single piece of timber. Solid hardwood floors were originally used for structural purposes, being installed perpendicular to the wooden support beams of a building known as joists or bearers. Solid wood floors are still common and popular. Solid wood floors have a thicker wear surface and can be sanded and finished more times than an engineered wood floor. It is not uncommon for homes in New England, Eastern Canada, and Europe which are several hundred years old to have the original solid wood floor still in use today.Solid wood flooring is milled from a single piece of timber that is kiln or air dried before sawing. Depending on the desired look of the floor, the timber can be cut in three ways: flat-sawn, quarter-sawn, and rift-sawn. The timber is cut to the desired dimensions and either packed unfinished for a site-finished installation or finished at the factory. The moisture content at time of manufacturing is carefully controlled to ensure the product doesn't warp during transport and storage.

There are a number of proprietary features for solid wood floors that are available. Many solid woods come with grooves cut into the back of the wood that run the length of each plank, often called 'absorption strips,' that are intended to reduce cupping. Solid wood floors are mostly manufactured .75 inches (19 mm) thick with a tongue-and-groove for installation.


Engineered wood
With the increased use of concrete as a subfloor in some parts of the world, engineered wood flooring has gained some popularity. Engineered wood flooring is composed of two or more layers of wood in the form of a plank. The top layer (lamella) is the wood that is visible when the flooring is installed and is adhered to the core. The increased stability of engineered wood is achieved by running each layer at a 90° angle to the layer above. This stability makes it a universal product that can be installed over all types of subfloors above, below or on grade. Engineered wood is the most common type of wood flooring used globally.

There are several different categories of engineered wood flooring:
All timber wood floors are made from sawn wood and are the most common category of engineered wood flooring. They do not use rotary peeled veneer, composite wood (such as HDF), or plastic in their construction. Veneer floors use a thin layer of wood over a core that is commonly a composite wood product. Acrylic impregnated wood flooring uses a layer of wood that is impregnated with liquid acrylic then hardened using a proprietary process.
Advantages
  • Easy to clean
    Timber/wood floors are very easy to clean as they do not accumulate a lot of dirt, dust, and debris. A weekly cleaning procedure involves vacuuming, moping and keeping the floor dry were sufficient.
  • High quality look
    Hard wood/engineered floors give an elegant aesthetic and high-end look. Its offer the warmth, beauty and value of wood and never goes out of style. Hard wood floors are also said to enable a look of spaciousness wherever they are installed.
  • Strength and durability
    High quality hard wood floors that are kiln-dried, manufactured, installed and finished to certain standards can last for generations. The hard wood floors are tough, hard-wearing, and have long term durability. They can stand up to active workspaces and heavy foot traffic.
  • A Good investment
    Choosing timber floors increases the value of your property. It is a great long-term investment and can actually become a strong resale argument, exceeding the initial installation cost of the floors. It also enables a faster sale and brings higher prices at the time of resale.
  • Variety
    Hard wood floors offer maximum choices in appearance. There are many colors, styles, stains and species available. An addition is a choice in the available finish that is pre-finished and unfinished hard wood floors. No matter how diverse and unique your needs are, there is always an option for you with hard wood floors.
  • Better acoustics
    A properly installed hardwood floor never gives you hollow sounds or vibrations.
  • Low maintenance
    Hard wood floors and the floor finish are easy to keep and maintain.
  • Healthy indoor air quality
    These floors are a healthy choice for interior environments. It has no fibers, grout lines or embossing that can trap dust, pollen, particles, animal dander and allergens that occur with carpets. They are the best choice of flooring with allergy sufferers and improve air quality.
  • Ageless quality
    When other floors will begin to look tired and worn, your hard wood floors will still look beautiful. And your hard wood floors become more valuable as time goes by. Timber floors can be refinished rather than replaced when the finish has worn out.
  • With hardwood flooring you are not stuck with a certain color or shade because they have different natural patterns, with no two hardwood floors being exactly alike. This type of flooring is tough, strong, and even if you put or drop something heavy on the floor, you do not have to worry about it getting dented or scratched.
  • With hardwood floors, if you are tired of the color, you can sand and refinish them several times. It is very versatile and can be used with any type of décor or style. A home owner can choose to buy the more expensive looking hard woods such as walnut, cherry, or oak, but if you do, these are not the woods you would want to sand and refinish.
Maintenance
Proper use of vacuuming, sweeping, and damp mopping is usually all that is required to maintain the cleanliness and appearance of a wood floor. Oil soaps should not be used to clean the floors. The best suggestion is to use the manufacturer's recommended cleaning products. Excessive grit and foot traffic may affect appearance. A properly finished and maintained wood floor does not accumulate hidden soil or odorous compounds.
Regular Maintenance
  • Vacuum, sweep or dust mop your hardwood floor once a week, or more, if needed. The vacuum head must be brush or felt, and a wand attachment is preferable because vacuum beater bar, which can damage the wood.
  • Wipe up spills immediately.
  • Avoid using regular household dusting and cleaning products. These products will cause permanent damage. Use only products specifically designed for hardwood.
  • Never use water to mop the floors. Water will definitely cause permanent damage. You can use a damp cloth to wipe up spills but never pour water directly on the floor to ‘mop’ the floor.
  • Don’t use ammonia.
  • Never use wax on a floor with a urethane or other glossy finish.
  • Don’t drag furniture when moving it - use felt contacts under furniture legs to prevent scratches and gouges.

Protecting timber floors
  • Use interior and exterior doormats at entrances to collect dirt and moisture and prevent it from being tracked onto the floor.
  • Use sheers or blinds to protect your floors from the discoloration caused by direct sun rays.
  • Keep high-heeled shoes in good repair and avoid using stiletto heels or just remember to always remove shoes at the front door. Keep a pair of slippers so that you can easily walk from the front door to another room.
  • Keep nails and claws trimmed on pets.
    Use cotton area rugs and mats in high traffic areas and sites of frequent spills. Move the rugs frequently so that these areas of the floor remain the same color as the exposed floor.
  • Clean up spills immediately with a paper towel or dry cloth. A damp cloth can be used for sticky spills, but dry the spot immediately afterwards.
  • To prevent surface damage avoid rolling heavy appliances and furniture on the floor. Use plywood hardboard or appliance lifts, if necessary.
  • Replace hard, narrow furniture rollers with wide rubber rollers.

Microfiber cleaning
  • Use a damp flat mop with a microfiber head to sweep up hair and dirt. Wring the mop head out enough for the head to be barely damp. You do not want a lot of water in the mop head.
  • Spray a clean microfiber mop head with orange glow floor cleaner.
  • Wash the floor with it.
    For best results don't let the mop head get too dirty during the wash. Do about 6 or 7 strokes. Then check the mop head and rinse it out when it is filthy.
  • Respray the mop head each time you rinse the dirt out.